10 January 2017
The Politics of Inclusive Development was recently described by Edward S. Mason Professor of International Development, emerita, Harvard Kennedy School, Merilee Grindle as “essential reading for anyone seeking to understand why politics matters”.
To read online, click open access.
Read a review by Alice Evans.
5 January 2017
In 2010, the WHO estimated that, every year, 100 million people are pushed into poverty and 150 million suffer financial catastrophe because of out-of-pocket expenditure on health services. Providing affordable healthcare to the populations of low- and middle-income countries is consequently at the top of the development agenda. Universal health coverage is one of the central targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Rwanda currently has the highest health insurance coverage of any country in Africa. This was achieved mainly by rolling out the Community-Based Health Insurance (CBHI) scheme, otherwise known by its French name mutuelles de santé. The scheme works as follows: an individual pays a yearly a sum of money to the state (specifically, to the Rwanda Social Security Board) to be covered by the health insurance. This in return allows the individual to access healthcare at 10 percent of the billable cost of services.
3 January 2017*
Political incentives are known to play a role in the allocation of public resources from upper- to lower-tier governments. This column seeks to examine whether ruling parties in local governments favour their own constituencies in allocating MNREGA funds, whether they target their core supporters or swing voters, and whether this has any electoral returns. It is based on ESID Working Paper 63, ‘Is partisan alignment electorally rewarding? Evidence from village council elections in India‘, also by Dey and Sen.
An influential literature has highlighted the role of political incentives in the allocation of public resources from upper- to lower-tier governments (Dixit and Londregan 1996, Dahlberg and Johansson 2002). So far, the empirical evidence on the role of political incentives has mostly focused on intergovernmental transfers or grants, and there is limited evidence on whether partisan alignment is also evident for other public programmes, and how lower-tier governments allocate funds once they are received (Dasgupta et al. 2004).
27 December 2016
Much recent research has highlighted the similarities between current administrations in Ethiopia and Rwanda, and the East Asian developmental states that secured such rapid socioeconomic progress over the past 50 years. For the most part, this research has focused on state-business relationships and the authoritarian patterns of governance. New ESID research by Benjamin Chemouni and myself, however, examines the politics of social protection in these countries and finds that social protection policy in Ethiopia and Rwanda is driven by the developmental vision of these governments. Like the original East Asian developmental states, social protection is distinctly ‘productivist’ in seeking to combine protection for vulnerable groups with productive investments in the economy.
Dr Cathy Wilcock recently graduated from GDI with a PhD focused on diaspora activism and peace-building, specific to Sudanese communities in the UK and the roles they play in peace-building processes in Sudan. Here she outlines her fears for global development and migration practice and policy under a Trump presidency in the US.