Gender, identity and spatial equity: The politics of recognition
Growth and human development alone are not sufficient to promote the emergence of inclusive development. This also requires political inclusion, particularly the recognition of people and groups excluded from or exploited by the dominant political and economic structures.
The themes of inclusion and equity pervade the entire ESID agenda: our research projects ultimately seek to understand how to bring about social justice. But some of our projects focus more specifically on the politics of recognition of those individuals and communities who are often left out because of their gender, identity, disability or the region that they call home.
- Our research project into the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNUURM) seeks to illuminate how people living in poverty in urban India organise, mobilise, and develop their own political agency in the pursuit of better infrastructure and social services in their informal settlements.
- Another ESID project is exploring how the gendered nature of political settlements affects women’s political participation and the implementation of gender equity policies.
- A further project is exploring the role of regional elites in perpetuating political settlements that lead to spatial discrimination in public provisioning.
Some of the questions we are asking:
- What effect does the political inclusion of marginalised groups have on state capacity, developmental outcomes and broader political settlements?
- What are the implications of female political leadership and women’s presence in political institutions in bringing about positive development outcomes for women?
- To what extent does the political and economic empowerment of socially excluded groups lead to a more progressive form of politics?
- How do informal and (in particular) clientelistic forms of politics shape the political inclusion of marginal groups, from the local level through to broader political settlements?