This project explores the politics of securing higher levels of capacity and commitment to delivering improved quality schooling.
Bangladesh and Ghana represent forms of ‘competitive clientelism’ with otherwise different contextual settings, offering the opportunity to test the effects of political settlement on capacity and commitment of governments to deliver effective forms of social provisioning.
How do the dynamics of different political settlements shape the quality of social provisioning in different contexts? What role is played by ideology, ideas and other political factors?
- Have reforms to drive up the quality of schooling been as successful as reforms aimed at enhancing the quantity?
- What are the other key political drivers within particular political settlements (involving actors, interests, institutions, ideas) that shape the quantity and quality of educational provision?
- In light of these findings, what are the policy implications for promoting inclusive development through improved levels of schooling?
Methods and research design
This project incorporates a comparative approach to generate findings of relevance to both theory and practice. The research design is a comparative case study, employing a mixed-methods approach.
The main methods are qualitative, involving key informant interviews across all stakeholders and analysis of key documents. Existing quantitative data, including RCTs, on quality of provision will also be used. Analysis will be conducted at two main levels: specific policy reforms; and detailed work in specific locations to track reform implementation.
How does this project fit within ESID’s research agenda?
This project falls within programme 3 on ‘the politics of social provisioning’, addressing all three core research questions. It particularly focuses on the analysis of incentives and ideas driving behaviour of key actors and elite commitment to improved quality as well as quantity of schooling. Addressing the ‘competitive clientelism’ model in Levy’s (2012) typology of political settlements, it will be linked to a second project examining the ‘dominant party’ model, enabling a comparative analysis across different types of political settlement.
|Lead Researcher||Samuel Hickey||The University of Manchester, UK|
|Researcher||Edward Amratwum||Center for Democratic Development (CDD), Ghana|
|Researcher||Mirza Hassan||BRAC Development Institute (BDI), Bangladesh|
|Researcher||Naomi Hossain||Institute of Development Studies (IDS), UK|
|Researcher||Franklin Oduro||Center for Democratic Development (CDD), Ghana|
Naomi Hossain, Mirza Hassan, Md Ashikur Rahman, Khondoker Shakhawat Ali and M. Sajidul Islam. 2017. ‘The problem with teachers: the political settlement and education quality reforms in Bangladesh‘. ESID Working Paper 86.
Mirza Hassan. 2013. ‘Political settlement dynamics in a limited-access order: The case of Bangladesh‘. ESID Working Paper 23.
 Levy, B. (2012). Working with the Grain: Integrating Governance and Growth in Development Strategies. Draft manuscript, forthcoming.