Researching the politics of development



Dr Timothy Williams



Dr Timothy Williams is a Postdoctoral Fellow in Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education; Adjunct Professor in Global Social Work at Boston College; and Researcher for ESID in Rwanda.


Timothy’s research interests are in education, childhood studies, international development, and Rwanda.

ESID publications

Williams, T. (2016). ‘Oriented towards action: The political economy of primary education in Rwanda‘. ESID Working Paper No. 64. Manchester.

Other recent publications

Williams, T. P. (2017). ‘The political economy of primary education: Lessons from Rwanda’. World Development, 96: 550-561.
Milligan, L, Tikly, L., Williams, T. P. et al (2017). ‘Textbook availability and use in Rwandan basic education: A mixed-methods study’. International Journal of Educational Development, 54: 1–7.
Williams, T.P. (2016). ‘Theorizing children’s subjectivity: Ethnographic investigations in rural Rwanda’. Childhood. [Special issue: Beyond Pluralizing African Childhoods], 23(3): 333-347.
Williams, T. P. et al. (2016). ‘Rejecting “the child”‘, embracing “childhood”‘: Conceptual and methodological issues for researching with children’. International Social Work, 59(6): 734–744.
Winthrop, R. and Williams, T. P. (2016). ‘Skills in the digital age: How should education systems evolve?’ Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.
Pells, K., Pontalti, K. and Williams, T. P. (2014). ‘Promising developments? Children, youth and post-genocide reconstruction under the Rwandan Patriotic Front’. Journal of East African Studies. [Special issue: Rwanda under the RPF: Twenty Years of Post-Conflict Governance], 8(2): 294-310.
Williams, T. P. (2014). ‘Book review: From Classrooms to Conflict in Rwanda by Elisabeth King’. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014. Comparative Educational Review, 58(4): 736-738.
Williams, T. P., Abbott, P. and Mupenzi, A. (2014). ‘”Education at our school is not free”: The hidden costs of fee-free schooling in Rwanda’. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 45(6): 931-952.

On the blog

(18 May 2017). ‘Tim Williams’ education in Rwanda research published in World Development‘.
Williams, T. (24 August 2016). ‘Why is the quality of children’s education in Rwanda surprisingly low?