Effective States and Inclusive Development

The social protection agenda within Zambia’s distributional regime

By Kate Pruce 8 February 2017 Although Zambia was reclassified by the World Bank as a middle-income country in 2011, poverty levels remain high, with 54.4% of the population living below the poverty line and over 40% in extreme poverty in 2015. The increased per capita gross national

The politics of promoting social protection in Zambia

Working paper 75 Download pdf Kate Pruce and Sam Hickey The rise of the social protection agenda in Zambia over the past few years seems in some ways to fit with mainstream accounts of how welfare states are likely to emerge in developing countries, particularly in terms of the links

Social protection in an aspiring ‘developmental state’: The political drivers of Ethiopia’s PSNP

Working paper 73 Download pdf Tom Lavers Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) is among the largest social protection programmes in Africa and has been promoted as a model for the continent. This paper analyses the political drivers of the programme, arguing that elite com

The political path to universal health coverage: Elite commitment to community-based health insurance in Rwanda

Working paper 72 Download pdf Benjamin Chemouni Rwanda is the country with the highest enrolment in health insurance in Sub-Saharan Africa. Pivotal in setting Rwanda on the path to universal health coverage is the community-based health insurance (CBHI), which covers three-quarters of

Social protection in an aspiring ‘developmental state’: The political drivers of community-based health insurance in Ethiopia

Working paper 71 Download pdf Tom Lavers Ethiopia has been piloting and scaling up a community-based health insurance scheme for the informal sector since 2011, alongside preparations for the launch of a social health insurance scheme for the formal sector. This paper examines the pol

The politics of promoting social cash transfers in Uganda

Working paper 69 Download pdf Sam Hickey and Badru Bukenya In 2015 the Government of Uganda agreed to start rolling out a social pension programme across the country and to increase its own financial contribution to this. This outcome was largely driven by the decade-long and highly p

Understanding elite commitment to social protection: Rwanda’s Vision 2020 Umurenge Programme

Working paper 68 Download pdf Tom Lavers This paper examines the political economy of Rwanda’s Vision 2020 Umurenge Programme (VUP) and argues that strong government commitment to the VUP has been shaped by the specific characteristics of the political settlement that was established

Why countries need better social protection programmes — rich or not

Lean Alfred Santos 10 August 2016   This blog was first published on Devex.com An investment commitment in the right social protection programmes can help countries to leap over others if they decide it’s a priority. But it’s essential to ensure social protection init

Is partisan alignment electorally rewarding? Evidence from village council elections in India

Working paper 63 Download pdf Subhasish Dey and Kunal Sen Do ruling parties positively discriminate in favour of their own constituencies in allocating public resources? If they do, do they gain electorally in engaging in such a practice? This paper tests whether partisan alignment ex

Crises and social protection in Ethiopia: New challenges, new opportunities?

Dr Tom Lavers 12 April 2016 ESID research on the politics of social protection shows that crises have been central drivers of social protection expansion in Ethiopia, and elsewhere. Today, Ethiopia is rocked by further challenges: the most severe El Niño in decades, leading to a food