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12 March 2019
“This book provides exciting new ways of thinking about how women’s rights policy change occurs in the Global South. … It is certain to influence contemporary thinking about gender-related policy reform…”
Professor Aili Mari Tripp, University of Wisconsin-Madison
ESID’s latest book uncovers the multiple political dynamics that influence gender equality policy adoption and implementation in the Global South. Women’s increased presence in formal politics does not fully explain the pace of change. Rather, inter-elite bargaining, coalitional politics, social movement activism and historical processes of state formation combine to shape policies that promote gender equity.
Specifically, the book looks at the conditions under which countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asica have adopted legislation against domestic violence. This book is perfect for students, scholars and practitioners with an interest in advancing gender equality in the Global South.
7 March 2019
First, it acknowledges and emphasises that the politics of schooling (expanding access to more years of schooling to more of the population) and the politics of learning are not, and cannot be, the same.
The reason we must have very different models for the politics of schooling and the politics of learning is simple: the primary empirical facts to be explained are completely different. The main fact to be explained with a politics of schooling is why nearly all countries have managed to achieve such a massive expansion. The average years of schooling of adults in developing countries has increased by five years (from about two years to about seven years completed on average) and this expansion has happened nearly everywhere and pretty uniformly across major political ‘types’ of country. Schooling has increased by about five years in democracies and non-democracies, in countries with good and bad human rights records and in countries with high and low corruption. The puzzle is why this expansion of schooling is so ubiquitously large across countries.
8 March 2019
Professor of Politics and expert on gender and institutions, Georgina Waylen, is a contributor to the forthcoming ESID book, Negotiating Gender Equity in the Global South: The Politics of Domestic Violence Policy.
This International Women’s Day, she gives her take on the important contribution the book makes towards understanding when and how governments adopt policies to combat violence against women.
Gender-based violence is a huge global issue, and violence against women is now widely recognised as one of the most prevalent human rights violations in the world, experienced by an estimated one-third of the world’s women at some time in their lives. Getting governments to adopt policies to combat violence against women is therefore a pressing priority, not just for International Women’s Day, but all year round. But we still don’t fully understand when and how this can happen. In their forthcoming book, Nazneen, Hickey and Sifaki and their contributors make an important contribution to this task, by analysing under what conditions governments in the Global South introduce policies to combat domestic violence.
A core strength of Nazneen and Hickey’s approach is its attention to the internal dynamics of individual polities. They foreground two areas that we need to consider in more detail: first, the implications for gender equality policies of the different forms of state and political settlement (something few gender scholars have done in this way to date). And, second, in keeping with much recent feminist institutionalist research, they show how opening the ‘black box’ of the politics of negotiating gender equity allows us to better explore the formal and informal rules, norms and networks that impact outside and inside the state – whether in the executive, bureaucracy or legislature – uncovering the links between them. It is not just the formal political processes, but the informal networks and negotiations in which gender actors participate when trying to get domestic violence policies that play an important role in achieving policy change. These coalitions and policy networks are built with, and within, the ruling coalition.
7 March 2019
“This excellent, well researched and wide ranging series of case studies sheds light on a key issue of our time, namely how to transform the political economy of education systems to enable learning for all.” Leon Tikly, Professor in Education, School of Education, University of Bristol
Why have many developing countries that have succeeded in expanding access to education made such limited progress on improving learning outcomes? There is a growing recognition that the learning crisis constitutes a significant dimension of global inequality and also that educational outcomes in developing countries are shaped by political as well as socio-economic and other factors. The Politics of Education in Developing Countries focuses on how politics shapes the capacity and commitment of elites to tackle the learning crisis in six developing countries: Bangladesh, Cambodia, Ghana, Rwanda, South Africa and Uganda.
The problem of education quality is serious across the Global South. The Politics of Education in Developing Countries: From Schooling to Learning deploys a new conceptual framework – the domains of power approach – to show how the type of political settlement shapes the level of elite commitment and state capacity to improving learning outcomes. The domain of education is prone to being highly politicised, as it offers an important source of both rents and legitimacy to political elites, and can be central to paradigmatic elite ideas around nation-building and modernity. Of particular importance is the relative strength of coalitions pushing for access, as against those focused on issues of higher quality education. This book concludes with a discussion of entry points and strategies for thinking and working politically in relation to education quality reforms and critical commentaries.
ESID researcher Dr Tom Lavers is currently in Ethiopia disseminating our work on social protection. This presentation was delivered in Addis Ababa to donors, on the variation in the targeting of the Productive Safety Net Programme – the PSNP