21 July 2014.
Last week ESID hosted Lant Pritchett‘s public lecture on “Promoting Millennium Development Ideals: The risks of defining development down”. You can read some live tweets of the talk under the hashtag #EffectiveStates, but we provide a more thorough summary below. We have also embedded three videos in which we asked him about some of the pressing dilemmas in current development debates. Continue Reading →
21 July 2014.
ESID’s latest Briefing Paper is entitled ‘Supply or demand? How politics influences the implementation of the MGNREGA in Rajasthan’. The sixth in a publication series aimed at policy-makers and policy researchers, this short brief summarises findings from the ESID project on India’s National Rural Employment Guarantee Act.
Specifically, the Briefing Paper highlights the discriminatory role of supply-side factors – such as political competition between Sarpanches – in the allocation of work to poor citizens. This leads the authors to recommend that policy-makers collect better and more comprehensive data on MGNREGA allocation in Gram Panchayats to identify and stop such instances of discrimination.
17 July 2014.
By Rowena Harding.
One of the key priorities for our research is not just carrying it out, but making sure it can be used by policy makers and other organisations that can influence the development agenda. So we continually ask colleagues across continents and sectors what can help make research go further.
Nick Manning, ESID’s Honorary Senior Research Fellow, is the former head of the Governance and Public Sector Management group at the World Bank and has significant experience on the receiving end of research.
We asked him for his advice on how researchers can make their research stand out in a crowded market place. Continue Reading →
Delhi, 3ie – International Initiative for Impact Evaluation, 21 July 2014.
“Explaining success, understanding failure in the implementation of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act”
A striking feature of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) has been the significant variations in implementation outcomes across and within states. Kunal Sen’s research has examined the factors that determine successful implementation of MGNREGA across eight states in India, as well as variations in implementation across gram panchayats in Bihar, Gujarat, Rajasthan and West Bengal. The study finds that differences in the capacity of the state and commitment of administrative and political elites, along with local power relations and the extent of political competition, affect MGNREGA employment outcomes.
Professor Sen will be presenting the research at the US non-profit organisation 3ie’s office in Delhi. Based in Washington, with programmes operating in Delhi and London under the auspices of the Global Development Network and London International Development Centre, respectively, 3ie (the International Initiative for Impact Evaluation) funds impact evaluations and systematic reviews that generate evidence on what works in development programmes and why.
The research presented will draw on the following ESID working papers:
The event takes place on 21 July. Find out more and register on the 3ie website.
16 July 2014.
ESID‘s latest working paper explores the reasons behind the sharp decline in MGNREGA implementation in the Indian state of Rajasthan since 2010. This paper was produced as part of ESID’s research on the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, the largest social protection scheme in the world. Its author is Dr Deepta Chopra, a Research Fellow on Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction at the Institute for Development Studies.
In this paper Deepta investigates why the performance of MGNREGA has declined so drastically in Rajasthan, which used to be among the highest performing states for the programme. She combines primary and secondary data to examine both the supply side of NREGA – the politicians and technocrats who design and implement the programme – and the demand side – the citizens who are supposed to demand access to public work under the scheme. She finds that the decline in programme performance may have less to do with the needs of the rural poor in Rajasthan than with the perverse incentives of the local officials who control implementation. Continue Reading →