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In a recent blog for the World Bank Jing Guo, a member of the group’s Public Opinion Research Group, outlines the ways in which strengthening governance has climbed the agenda of opinion leaders in developing countries.
The World Bank’s 2016 poll of more than 35,000 opinion leaders working in government, parliament, private sector, civil society, media and academia in more than 120 developing countries found that addressing public sector governance/reform is now regarded as the most important development priority across 45 countries by many opinion leaders (34%), more so than education (30%) and job creation (22%).
2 May 2017
As we near completion of Phase 1 research (and gear up for 2.5 years of Phase 2), those of us involved in ESID’s theoretical synthesis feel pretty confident about the basic elements of our framework. Going beyond the somewhat simplistic readings of institutions and elite interests that we inherited from early political settlements work, we have now zeroed in on a mid-level theory of developmental trajectories, where variation is explained through a combination of high-level political settlement features (especially the dichotomy between dominance and competition) and low-level policy domain features (sector characteristics as well as the autonomy/dependence of a domain on the political settlement).
This is the ‘domains of power’ approach that we took last month to the Political Studies Association (PSA) in Glasgow (see the presentations below), and it is consistent with the evolving work of some of our intellectual accomplices, like Brian Levy, Michael Walton or Tim Kelsall. However, most of the questions that we fielded at our PSA panel were not about dominance or about sectors, but about the third leg of our analytical stool (which curiously featured in all our titles): ideas. Continue Reading →
26 April 2017
ESID has turned 5 and we’re entering Phase 2 of our research. To mark our 5-year anniversary, we’re sharing some of our work and findings from Phase 1.
ESID has developed a multi-levelled, adapted political settlement framework that includes historical, transnational and local perspectives across time and space. We add in the importance of ideas as well as incentives and interests. We also focus on relations of power that operate across multiple scales. We call for a more nuanced understanding of the underlying forms and workings of power and politics.
We have developed a conceptual framework for understanding boom and bust growth in developing countries.
26 April 2017
Why do inequalities persist over time? How do elite interests shape developmental trajectories? When are the poor and vulnerable included in policymaking? At ESID we’re devoted to understanding the politics behind development puzzles. As we turn 5 this month and enter our second phase of research, Research Fellow Pablo Yanguas recounts our progress so far.
At ESID, our goal is not determining how to fit the best technical solutions to local context, but identifying and explaining the political drivers of reform and obstruction, and their impact on Southern states’ ability to find their own paths out of poverty, inequality, stagnation or institutional fragility. Our basic framework draws on theories that explore what lies behind particular institutional choices, with an emphasis on the kinds of political settlements reached by elites through deal or bargains.
Watch experts on Indian growth gather in Delhi to launch “fresh and insightful” book, The Political Economy of India’s Growth Episodes, by Sabyasachi Kar and Kunal Sen.
For more on the topic read Working Paper 44, ‘The political economy of economic growth in India, 1993-2013‘.